Smoke Signals was exhibited in the Winter of 2014 at the Cité International in the context of Art Souterrain. I constructed a teepee made out of six 12-foot cigarettes. The concept was to combine two well-known stereotypes of native-ness, tobacco and the illegal commerce of cigarettes and a teepee. It speaks of the negative connotation of being native in our society, while addressing the difficulty for these communities to develop a durable and legitimate economy within the actual political context.